Voluntarism prevents dementia

In Taiwan, most seniors volunteer. They have successfully built a culture of voluntarism.  They incentivized their seniors to volunteer at least once a month with a discounted monthly bus pass for volunteers.  They stay engaged and maintain a sense of purpose.
Social engagement (SE). According to research, “Participants with consistently high or increased SE had a lower risk of dementia than those with consistently low SE ((OR = 0.14, 95% CI = 0.06–0.28 and OR = 0.33, 95% CI = 0.23–0.48, respectively). Higher SE can reduce the risk of dementia. Furthermore, consistently high or increasing SE is associated with a lower risk of dementia.“ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5784173/
Exercise. “According to the Alzheimer’s Research & Prevention Foundation, regular physical exercise can reduce your risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease by up to 50 percent.”
Vegetables and fruits. According to Alzheimer’s Society Canada, “Healthy eating can reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. But did you know that these conditions also increase your risk of developing dementia?
Healthy dietary choices not only improve your general health, in the long-term nutritious food helps maintain brain function and slows memory decline.”
According to an article in Frontier Research in Neuroscience, “among participants with mean age over 65 years and combined sexes. Dose–response meta-analysis showed that an increment of 100 g per day of fruit and vegetable consumption was related to an approximately 13% (OR = 0.87, 95% CI 0.77–0.99) reduction in cognitive impairment and dementia risk”.

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